However, very little research has been undertaken setting her leadership in the context of other female political leaders. No doubt this paucity of research has partly stemmed from the fact that Thatcher was the first female British Prime Minister, which on the surface would make it impossible to make British comparisons though not international ones. Yet we must not forget that there is a history behind women making progress in developing their own political credibility and influence. These included dealing with local issues such as education, maternity and child welfare.
Less than two years later she gave birth to twins, Carol and Mark. Meanwhile, she was studying for the Margaret thatcher historical leadership exams, which she passed in early She then spent the next few years practicing law and looking for a winnable constituency.
Thatcher ran for parliament once more in —this time in the Conservative-dominated constituency of Finchley—and easily won the seat.
The first bill she introduced affirmed the right of the media to cover local government meetings. Speaking about the bill in her maiden speech, she focused not on freedom of the press but instead on the need to limit wasteful government expenditures—a common theme throughout her political career.
By Thatcher had accepted an invitation to become parliamentary undersecretary in the Ministry of Pensions and National Insurance.
She then steadily moved up the ministerial ranks, becoming secretary of state for education and science when the Conservatives retook power in Nonetheless, she was able to keep her job, and inwith the Conservatives back in the opposition, she defeated former Prime Minister Edward Heath to take over leadership of the party.
Margaret Thatcher as Prime Minister Thatcher was now one of the most powerful women in the world. She rejected the economic theories of John Maynard Keynes, who advocated deficit spending during periods of high unemployment, instead preferring the monetarist approach of Chicago economist Milton Friedman.
In April Argentina invaded the Falkland Islands, a sparsely populated British colony located miles from Argentina and 8, miles from the United Kingdom.
Thatcher dispatched troops to the area. On May 2, a British submarine controversially sank an Argentine cruiser that was outside of an official exclusion zone, killing over people on board. Later in the month, British troops landed near San Carlos Bay in East Falkland and, despite persistent air attacks, were able to capture the capital of Port Stanley and end the fighting.
The war and an improving economy propelled Thatcher to a second term in In what became a key part of her legacy, Thatcher also privatized British Telecom, British Gas, British Airways, Rolls-Royce and a number of other state-owned companies.
On the foreign policy front, Thatcher often found herself allied with U. In Africa she had a mixed record, facilitating the end of white minority rule in Zimbabwe but opposing sanctions against apartheid South Africa.
On November 14,former Defense Minister Michael Heseltine challenged her for leadership of the party, partly due to differences of opinion on the European Union. Thatcher won the first ballot but by too small of a margin for outright victory.
That night, her cabinet members visited her one by one and urged her to resign. She officially stepped down on November 28 after helping to assure that John Major and not Heseltine would replace her.
Thatcher remained in parliament untilat which time she entered the largely ceremonial House of Lords and began to write her memoirs.
Though she stopped appearing in public after suffering a series of small strokes in the early s, her influence remained strong. In fact, many of her free market policies have since been adopted, not only by Conservatives, but also by Labour Party leaders like Tony Blair.
Margaret Thatcher died on April 8,at the age of Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Margaret Thatcher’s leadership as a woman is a very relevant and important area for historians to study, as it allows us to consider the continuity and change in women’s leadership over the course of the twentieth-century.
Margaret Thatcher, Iconic Leader in History Thatcherism Thatcherism encompasses the leadership style, political conviction, economic and social policy of British Conservative Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher.
In the US, Thatcher received the Ronald Reagan Freedom Award, and was designated Patron of The Heritage Foundation in , where she established the Margaret Thatcher Center for Freedom.  Styles of address. Watch video · Politician and former British prime minister Margaret Thatcher was born as Margaret Hilda Roberts on October 13, , in Grantham, England.
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